Steroids – Anabolic Steroids & Their Side Effects
Steroids – anabolic steroids are defined as any synthetic hormones affecting the development and growth of sex organs. Anabolic steroids are medically used to treat the conditions, such as delayed puberty and some types of the impotence, occurring due to abnormally low level of testosterone in body, and to treat the chronic wasting disease, such as cancer and AIDS.
Anabolic steroids are often used to build muscles and increase their body size. These steroids are often used by body builders to bulk up their bodies. Anabolic steroids are often used by jocks to increase their strength and stamina. They are also used by young boys and girls for various cosmetic reasons. Anabolic steroids are usually dubbed as roids, hype, juice, weight trainers, gym candy, stackers, arnolds, or pumpers, by the non therapeutic steroids users. However, the non therapeutic use of steroids is steroid abuse and any type of steroid abuse or over use has several types of effects, side effects, and serious consequences in humans.
Steroids are taken orally in form of pills, or injected with a needle and typically in intervals of weeks or months. The athletes, who share needles for injecting the steroids, are at higher risk of serious infections including Hepatitis B and HIV, the AIDS virus.
Abuse or over use of anabolic steroids has many effects & side effects on human body. Some of the serious and long lasting side effects of anabolic steroids include – premature balding or hair loss, dizziness, mood swings (anger, depression and aggression), hallucinations, extreme feelings of mistrust or fear, sleeping problems, vomiting and nausea, trembling, high blood pressure, aching joints, jaundice, liver damage, urinary problems, shortening of the final adult height, increased risk of developing heart disease, stroke.
Anabolic steroids have different side effects on Males and females. The side effects of anabolic steroids on males include— reduced sperm count, increase in nipple and breast size, impotence, and enlarged prostate, and the side effects of anabolic steroids on females include— reduced breast size, increase in facial and body hair, menstrual problems, and deepened voice. Anabolic steroids can also cause many serious psychological effects. Some of the users become aggressive or combative, which is often termed as “roid rage”.